T.I.P.S. Situational Crime Prevention Project

A Strategic - Systematic - Synergistic - Saturation Model Bringing Awareness of Modern Day Slavery for Sustainable Results

PHASE 4- LEGAL STRATEGIES

Part 1- Travel Agencies

Background:

 Travel agencies are regulated the Airlines Reporting Corporation® (ARC).

Travel agencies are licensed through them in the following way: (https://www.arccorp.com/ara/index.jsp))

The Airline Reporting Agreement (ARA) would be amended to support the above action in anti money laundering efforts and to have tickets and technology be implemented to thwart or deter traffickers.

The Founding of IATA
IATA was founded in Havana, Cuba, in April 1945. 
It is the prime vehicle for  inter-airline cooperation in promoting safe, reliable, secure 
and economical  air services - for the benefit of the world's consumers. 
The international  scheduled air transport industry is more than 100 times larger than it 
was in 1945. 
Few industries can match the dynamism of that growth, 
which  would have been much less spectacular without the standards, 
practices and procedures developed within IATA.

At its founding, 
IATA had 57 members from 31 nations, 
mostly in Europe and North America. 
Today it has some 240 members from 118 nations in every part of the globe.

The modern IATA is the successor to the International  Air Traffic Association 

 

The Founding of IATA

IATA was founded in Havana, Cuba, in April 1945.  It is the prime vehicle for  inter-airline cooperation in promoting safe, reliable, secure and economical  air services - for the benefit of the world's consumers.

The international scheduled air transport industry is more than 100 times larger than it was in 1945.

Few industries can match the dynamism of that growth, which would have been much less spectacular without the standards, practices and procedures developed within IATA.

At its founding, IATA had 57 members from 31 nations, mostly in Europe and North America.

Today it has some 240 members from 118 nations in every part of the globe.

The modern IATA is the successor to the International Air Traffic Association founded in the Hague in 1919 - the year of the  world's first international scheduled services.

 

The Founding of IATA
IATA was founded in Havana, Cuba, in April 1945. It is the prime vehicle for  inter-airline cooperation in promoting safe, reliable, secure and economical  air services - for the benefit of the world's consumers. The international  scheduled air transport industry is more than 100 times larger than it was in 1945. Few industries can match the dynamism of that growth, which  would have been much less spectacular without the standards, practices and procedures developed within IATA.

At its founding, IATA had 57 members from 31 nations, mostly in Europe and North America. Today it has some 240 members from 118 nations in every part of the globe.

Why do you need to know about the IATA

This one organization sets the standards for the way airline travel is conducted.  From the flight of passengers, to the way cargo planes are operated.

IATA and  the ARC make the decisions on how you get on the planes you travel on.

Bar-Coded Boarding Passes (BCBP)

BCBP in brief

Bar Coded Boarding Passes (BCBP) use IATA industry standard 2D bar codes. Because they can be accessed from anywhere - even a mobile phone - they offer more convenience for the passengers (and traffickers). "Because they don't need to be printed on expensive paper stock and facilitate off-airport check-in, they save the industry up to US$1.5 billion every year." 

The BCBP project launched in 2005 successfully closed end 2010 when reaching the Board target of 95% global BCBP capability. This is considered to meet the vision of 100% BCBP implementation in IATA member airlines.

When reading the IATA's  Fast Travel Program StB or Simplying the Business dated 05/10/2012 

Also reading how the Airline Industry bid Farewell to Paper Ticket 

 

 

Goal of this PHASE 

Implement Computerized, self-service kiosks at or near the check-in counters for "color coded" tickets.  At these terminals, additional security could be "positioned" to have additional "eyes" on those coming form "color coded countries", with Color Coded Charts to identify origin-destination countries, as an obvious sign to "all" looking at it. 

Strategy for Airline Industry:

The airlines are moving toward a Common Use Passenger Processing Systems (CUPPS)

SEE THE FULL STORY

Have tickets that are issued from any location, or at the airline Carrier locations (airport) be color coded as to the country of origin and destination going against the new standard. 


Many kiosks allow customers to print boarding passes. The new current "technology" BCBP allows "anyone", like traffickers and other criminals to fly with out detection.

To prevent this from happening and use "situation crime prevention", put color coded tickets of a country of "origin" and / or "destination" that fits the profile of a trafficker or trafficked situation. Then they will be asked to attend an additional terminal to have boarding pass verified. 

Example from USAID Anti Trafficking in Africa (2007)

THE U.S. STATE DEPARTMENT ANNUAL REPORT

The U.S. State Department annually completes a trafficking in persons report, with each country ranked according to a three-tier system.

Tier 1 consists of countries whose governments fully comply with the United States Trafficking Victims Protection Act’s minimum standards for combating trafficking.

Tier 2 consists of countries whose governments do not fully comply with the Act’s minimum standards but are making significant efforts to bring themselves into compliance with those standards.

Tier 3 consists of countries whose governments do not fully comply with the minimum standards and are not making efforts to do so.

 

 

With air travel being world wide, and airport security not being able to "tell" by looking at a person, a color chart indicating by color which "country" a passenger is coming from or going to  would help improve the "odds" of noticing a "person of interest".

Also now "everyone" becomes the "eyes", because now it is "easy to see" !

 

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 Part 2-

 

 Strategy for Adult Entertainment and Labor

 Have State Attorney General Offices strength laws in areas of their states that have been located on maps as "hot spot"

 

Domestic "Adult" Entertainment and Labor

Background

Statistics show that woman and children are the most trafficked population

 

 Regulations of permits, licenses, and certification are done at the local, county, state and federal level would be connected to the anti-money laundering efforts

 

Example

Regulations of permits, licenses, and certification are done at the local, county, state and federal level

 Because  each state is different by laws and jurisdictions

SEE FULL LEGAL BRIEF (LINK TO LEGAL ISSUES ON DOCUMENTS PAGE)


State Of Indiana

Attonrey General

http://www.indianaagainsttrafficking.org/the-laws/

 Mississippi Laws Strengthend Against Traffickers

 http://www.clarionledger.com/viewart/20130206/NEWS010504/302060047/Lawmakers-aim-raise-human-trafficking-penalties

 

Nebraska Legislature  

Escort Restrictions 

Efforts will have to be examined and the process is time consuming, but as in the case of Indiana and the Superbowl timing can be speed up when the efforts of legislatures are mapped out with a clear stragegy.

New Problems with Technology being used to circumvent detection. 

 

PART 3

 

 

 

FINANCIAL CRIME ENFORCEMENT NETWORK

 FinCEN was created in 1990 to support federal, state, local, and international law enforcement by analyzing the information required under the Bank Secrecy Act (BSA) ,one of the nation's most important tools in the fight against money laundering. The BSA's recordkeeping and reporting requirements establish a financial trail for investigators to follow as they track criminals, their activities, and their assets. Over the years, FinCEN staff has developed its expertise in adding value to the information collected under the BSA by uncovering leads and exposing unknown pieces of information contained in the complexities of money laundering schemes.

Dirty money can take many routes-some complex, some simple, but all increasingly inventive-the ultimate goal being to disguise its source. The money can move through banks, check cashers, money transmitters, businesses, casinos, and even be sent overseas to become clean, laundered money. The tools of the money launderer can range from complicated financial transactions, carried out through webs of wire transfers and networks of shell companies, to old-fashioned currency smuggling.

FinCEN researches and analyzes this information and other critical forms of intelligence to support financial criminal investigations. The ability to link to a variety of databases provides FinCEN with one of the largest repositories of information available to law enforcement in the country. Safeguarding the privacy of the data it collects is an overriding responsibility of the agency and its employees-a responsibility that strongly imprints all of its data management functions, and indeed, all that the agency does.

FinCEN provides a networking process designed to facilitate information sharing between agencies with shared investigative interests.

(THE BELOW ARTICLE IS WRITTEN AND PRESENTED BY A MEMBER OF ASSOCIATION OF CERTIFIED ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING SPECIALIST (ACAMS) )
 

How to END MODERN DAY SLAVERY:

How you can help in the fight against human trafficking.

Modern-day slavery

Human trafficking is a crime that has become the second largest criminal enterprise in the world, with an estimated 27 million people currently enslaved worldwide.  It has passed the illegal arms sales in the global black market trade. Human trafficking victims include men, women and children in labor servitude, private ownership and in sexual services. Human trafficking is a form of modern-day slavery where people profit from the control and exploitation of others.

Human Trafficking is Big Business

The crime of human trafficking is big business because it yields an estimated $32 billion in illicit profits each year.  Unlike drugs and arms traffickers, human traffickers can continue to exploit their victims after the initial point of sale. When you or I go to the store and purchase an item, the goods we buy are a one-time purchase and we are done with the buying.  A human being sold is reusable – for sale over and over again until they are either rescued from the trafficker, escape on their own or die. Human Trafficking is a market-based economy that exists on the principal of supply and demand.

Supply and demand

I believe that the way to truly end human trafficking is to go after the demand.  We must arrest the buyers known as Johns who are buying the product. In the case of human trafficking the buyer is purchasing a human.  If we only go after the traffickers, which is a good thing we are only attacking half of the problem.  We need to understand the entire horrific picture of human trafficking which is that there is a buyer in addition to the seller. If we do not decrease the buying then the demand will always be there and trafficking which is a global problem will always exist.

ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING professionals can be human trafficking fighters

Fight the crime of human trafficking from your desk by implementing the following measures:

  •  We can implement AML transaction monitoring program reports for our Money Services Businesses (MSBs) and depository institutions that process prepaid cards and other branded cards to stop illicit fund payments that are processed from our products to human trafficking Internet ad sites.
  •  We can monitor human trafficking payment trends on our programs and identify Internet advertising web sites that are known for human trafficking and add these web sites to our transaction monitoring reports.  This can help fight child pornography and child exploitation as children are being sold for sex trafficking on the web at various Internet ad sites.
  • We can also reduce the supply for the buyers by stopping the easy online advertising of the victim at the payment level on the web sites where the buyers go online to find the victims for sale.
  • We can lobby for a SAR (Suspicious Activity Report Form) change to have a checkbox for human trafficking added.
  • Lastly, financial crimes prevention professionals can also report to law enforcement any activities that are highly suspicious for human trafficking cases. I have reported suspicious ad spend activity to ICE at their email address of ICEHumanTrafficking.HelpDesk@dhs.gov. In one case, I was also able to locate the cardholder’s suspicious MySpace page that had a photo that did not match their Eastern European Latvia passport.  The MySpace page also included a younger DOB, different state location from the credit card account and the page’s goal was to meet school age girls. In another case, I reported a cardholder who had multi-ad payments on a particular web site and a criminal record for cocaine trafficking. We can make a difference in fighting this crime!

 

Written by: Joann Alicea, senior risk analyst/fraud investigator, PreCash, Inc.,
  
 
Other pages on anti money laundering efforts:
 The above document applies to Mortgages and Lenders, but the application to Modern Day Slavery can and should be applied!

Crime in America